The elevated themes of Ephesians make it highly praised and prized by commentators. He digresses at "For this cause," and does not complete the sentence until Ephesians 3:14, where he resumes, "For this cause" - namely, because I know your call of God (Ephesians 2:11-22) to be "fellow-heirs" with the Jews (Ephesians 3:6), "I bow my knees unto" the Father of our common Saviour (Ephesians 3:14-15) to confirm you by His Spirit. Commentary on Ephesians 3:1-7 (Read Ephesians 3:1-7) For having preached the doctrine of truth, the apostle was a prisoner, but a prisoner of Jesus Christ; the object of special protection and care, while thus suffering for him. The other opinion, that the course of thought is resumed in Ephesians 3:13, is proved to be untenable as well by the occurrence of the simple διό in that verse, as by the fact that the repeated τούτου χάριν of the following verse has no foundation in the sentiment of the 13th. Of the total verses in Ephesians (155), nearly half (75 of them) will be read during these seven Sundays. Ephesians 3:1-12. Others make the clause, the prisoner of Christ, to be in apposition to I Paul, and supply the predicate I am a prisoner. The nature and design of Paul's commission, Ephesians 3:1-13 — his prayer for the Ephesians, Ephesians 3:14-21. He therefore points out to the Ephesians that his chains served to prove and to declare his calling; and that the only reason why he had been imprisoned was, that he had preached the gospel to the Gentiles. Others, again, such as the Codices D, E, supply πρεσβεύω - a spurious insertion borrowed from Ephesians 6:20, and adopted by Ambrosiaster and Castalio, as well as by Calvin in his Latin rendering-legatione fungor. The apostle does not mean to magnify the fact of his imprisonment: he merely hints in passing that it originated in the proclamation of those very truths which he had been discussing. One of Stevens's copies adds, "am an ambassador", as in Ephesians 6:20 and another of them, "glory", or "rejoice"; see Philippians 2:16. This is what Paul lived and ministered for, this is what motivated Paul, and this is what He knew Christ wanted him to do in life. Ephesians 4:7-16 Gifts From The Risen Messiah. Another MS. has the verb κεκαύχημαι, taken from Philippians 2:16. . So highly ought the name of Christ to be revered by us, that what men consider to be the greatest reproach, ought to be viewed by us as the greatest honour. This chapter is parenthetical, and within it is another parenthesis, verses: Ephesians 3:2-13. He here marks the Messiahship of "Christ," maintained by him as the origin of his being a "prisoner," owing to the jealousy of the Jews being roused at his preaching it to the Gentiles. Ephesians has been called the Queen of the Epistles, the quintessence of Paulinism, the divinest composition of man and even the Waterloo of commentators. However, its theological riches do not simply address one historical figure, even one of Paul’s stature. The expression, ὁ δέσμιος τοῦ χριστοῦ, the prisoner of Christ, does not mean prisoner on account of Christ. For this cause. The remarks we have made will show that we regard the construction as broken by a long parenthesis, and resumed in Ephesians 3:14, not at Ephesians 3:8, as OEcumenius and Grotius suppose, nor yet at Ephesians 3:13, as Zanchius, Cramer, and Holzhausen maintain. EPH. Those for whom he suffered bonds are immediately afterwards said to be the Gentiles. And to the application, just when is the last time you suffered so that you could witness to anyone? He wrote it to people in the town called Ephesus. The only question which can well be raised is whether the resumption takes place at Ephesians 3:13, “I desire that ye faint not;” or at Ephesians 3:14, “I bow my knees;” and this seems decided for the latter alternative, both by the emphatic repetition of “for this cause,” and by the far greater weight and finality of the latter sentence. Well, if you can do it in the context of not taking time and effort away from your employer, yes, but we should not slight our employer so that we can witness. Many supply the verb εἰμί—“For this cause I Paul am the prisoner of Jesus Christ.” This conjecture has for its authority the Peschito, which is followed by Chrysostom, Theophylact, Anselm, Erasmus, Aretius, Cajetan, Beza, with a large host of modern critics, the version of Tyndale, and Geneva. And the object or design of redemption itself is the manifestation of the wisdom of God to principalities and powers in heaven, Ephesians 3:10. Not a prisoner for crime or debt, or as a captive in war, but a captive in the service of the Redeemer. Some say that you should witness at work. The office is the prominent thought in the latter arrangement; the person, in the former. The business people soldmodels of Diana’s *temple there. The prisoner of Jesus Christ; one who is subjected to imprisonment for the cause of Jesus Christ. Ephesians sets forth what no other book of the New Testament describes so completely — the nature of the body of Christ, which is the true Church. This imprisonment had resulted from his service for Christ, specifically his ministry among Gentiles, for which the Jews had mobbed him in Jerusalem (cf. translation. ', Others supply simply the substantive verb ( εἰμὶ). 3, he. “For this cause”: Resuming the prayer started in, which will actually be expressed in 3:14-19. “The prisoner of Christ Jesus”: When Paul wrote this letter he was a prisoner in Rome, awaiting trial before Caesar (Acts 28:16; Acts 28:30-31). 2; and now, chap. ), for chap. praying that ye may be strengthened with might hy his Spirit, &c.; i.e. The prisoner of Jesus Christ. Nay, in writing to the Ephesians he could not forget that the suspicion of his having taken an Ephesian named Trophimus into the temple with him, created the popular disturbance that led to his capture and his final appeal to Caesar, his journey to Rome, and his imprisonment in the imperial city. (Bruce) [199] Autograph of the original scribe of . For this cause—In view of your blessed transition from heathenism to Christ, as pictured in the last paragraph. But the plain supposition of a long parenthesis renders all such supplements superfluous. Winer, § 30, 2, β; Acts 23:11. I Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for you Gentiles. He says, "God just overwhelmed me by revealing this mystery to me. He is the means by which God gives eternal life to those who obey him (Ephesians 1:7; Romans 3:23-26; 1 … As the first chapter treated of THE FATHER'S office; the second, THE SON'S so this, that of THE SPIRIT. But the crowns and sceptres of kings, to say nothing of the imposing splendor of an ambassador, are less honorable than the chains of a prisoner of Jesus Christ. Middleton on Greek Article, p. 358. Commentary on Ephesians 1:3-14 View Bible Text . Ephesians 3:1-6 New International Version (NIV) God’s Marvelous Plan for the Gentiles. This charge, and others associated with it, still hung over him as he waited in Rome for his appeal to come up for hearing in the supreme court” (Bruce pp. But these must have been for ever hidden from us, if God had not made them known by his written word, preached gospel, and Spirit of truth. This first verse is the beginning of a sentence which is virtually resumed and continued at verse Ephesians 3:14, the intermediate verses being an expansion of the idea contained in the words, "for you Gentiles.". The simplest adjustment is to insert after : “I Paul am the prisoner,” etc. When Paul wrote this epistle, he was under house arrest in Rome. PRISON AND PRIVILEGES (Ephesians 3:1-13)To understand the connection of thought in this passage it has to be noted that Ephesians 3:2-13 are one long parenthesis. It is best referred, however, to the purport of the whole statement just brought to its conclusion; the fact that they are now what God’s grace has made them and are meant by Him to form a spiritual habitation for Himself, being His reason for what He urges on them and what He does for them. The second sense is used here. Paul mentions he is a prisoner for the Gentiles, yet in Acts 28:17-28 he tells the Jews he is a prisoner for Israel. For you Gentiles. that ye may be further confirmed in the faith of Christ, and more and more built up in him as an habitation of God, Ephesians 2:22. The reader, casting his eye down to Ephesians 3:14, will there find for this cause resumed, and the apostolic prayer offered. Ephesians 3:14-21. When St. Paul calls himself the “prisoner of Jesus Christ,” he represents our Lord’s own will, as ordaining his captivity for His own transcendent purposes of good, making him an “ambassador in chains” (Ephesians 6:20), and these “the bonds of the gospel.” (See Philemon 1:13; and Acts 28:20, “For the hope of Israel I am bound in this chain.”) Hence in this passage St. Paul seems to speak of his captivity as a special proof of the reality of his mission, and a new step in its progress; and appeals to it accordingly, just as in the final salutation of the Colossian Epistle, “Remember my bonds.” The whole idea is a striking instance of the spiritual alchemy of faith, turning all things to good—not unlike the magnificent passage (in 2Corinthians 11:23-30) of his “glorying in his infirmities.”. He reminds his readers of the, was revealed to the apostles and prophets, and his own commission to the service of preaching the Good News to the Gentiles; and to show that God’s grace opened the. For you Gentiles.—This was literally true of the origin of his captivity, proceeding as it did from the jealousy of the Jews, excited by the free admission of the Gentiles to the Church; but the reference is not to be limited to this. The Latin text, g, is based on the O.L. v.), the Paris palimpsest, edited by Tischendorf in 1843. It was preaching the Gospel to the Gentiles which brought down upon him the hatred of his countrymen, and led them to accuse him before the Roman magistrates, and to his being sent a prisoner to Rome. The prisoner of Jesus Christ; for Christ’s sake, for asserting his cause and honour: see 2 Timothy 1:8 Philemon 1:1,9. )—a claim surely which would neither be like Paul nor in harmony with the thought of the paragraph. He is overwhelmed with that. I offer the following commentary and summary for Ephesians in this article. Once Saul, the synonym of antichristian intolerance, it was now Paul, not merely a disciple or a servant, but-, ὁ δέσμιος τοῦ χριστοῦ ᾿ιησοῦ—“the prisoner of Christ Jesus.” 2 Timothy 1:8; Philemon 1:9. For you Gentiles.—This was literally true of the origin of his captivity, proceeding as it did from the jealousy of the Jews, excited by the free admission of the Gentiles to the Church; but the reference is not to be limited to this. to those who were not part of national Israel. .—After much discussion of the construction of this verse, there seems little doubt that the nominative, “I, Paul,” must be carried on beyond the digression upon the mystery of the gospel, and his part in ministering it, which follows. 2; and now, chap. More than this, his very imprisonment was made useful by him in setting agencies in operation for the extension of the gospel among the Gentiles. Both must be carefully noted. Ephesians 4:1 (‘prisoner in the Lord’). As he was Christ's servant, apostle, and minister, so he was Christ's prisoner. We often refrain from our duty of being a light house so that we can remain secure. I have for some time been and still am the prisoner of Jesus Christ. How does Paul describe his present situation in Ephesians 3:1 (printed below?) Some commentaries suggest that "For this cause" is really the introduction phrase to verse thirteen. Acts 21:22; Acts 25:11; Acts 28:16. 3 For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles— 2 Surely you have heard about the administration of God’s grace that was given to me for you, 3 that is, the mystery made known to me by revelation, as I have already written briefly. Since God has blessed us so greatly, Paul prayed that his readers would comprehend fully the extent of God"s love for them (, ὁ δέσμιος τοῦ χριστοῦ, ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν τῶν ἐθνῶν, "For this cause therefore have I called for you, to see [you], and to speak with [you]: because that for the hope of Israel I am bound with this chain. The is omitted by Tisch. Below are some preliminary questions to assist in the study of this passage. Later in the Acts passage it is clear that the Jews were deaf to the Gospel, while Paul was commissioned to go to the Gentiles for they will listen. .—After much discussion of the construction of this verse, there seems little doubt that the nominative, “I, Paul,” must be carried on beyond the digression upon the mystery of the gospel, and his part in ministering it, which follows. That this verse be joined to the Ephesians 3:14, (all the rest, Ephesians 3:2-13, being included in a parenthesis), where he begins with the same words as here; and so we may read it thus, Ephesians 3:1: For this cause I Paul, the prisoner, & c.; and then, Ephesians 3:14, I say: For this cause I bow my knees, &c., viz. It means Christ's prisoner. “Because of the truth that God had already decided to adopt the Gentiles as children (, I am the prisoner of Christ Jesus for your sake.” Since Paul writes from his imprisonment in Rome, it is important the Ephesians do not misunderstand his suffering or be discouraged by it. ), published in photographic facsimile in 1889 under the care of the Abbate Cozza-Luzi. 1; he next narrows to his Ephesian converts, chap. Ephesians 3:1. : for this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus. For you Gentiles - Made a prisoner at Rome on your behalf, because I maintained that the gospel was to be preached to the Gentiles; see Acts 22:21-23. For this cause, i.e. And this was to call them everywhere to salvation, because God had so determined this from the beginning, although he deferred a great while the manifestation of his counsel. It fits the day in the liturgical year because an 'epiphany' is a manifestation of something. The prisoner of Jesus Christ.—The phrase (repeated in Ephesians 4:1; Philemon 1:9; 2Timothy 1:8) is dwelt upon with an emphasis, explained by St. Paul’s conviction that “his bonds” tended to “the furtherance of the gospel”—not merely by exciting a sympathy which might open the heart to his words, but even more (see Philippians 1:13-14) by showing the victorious power of God’s word and grace—which “is not bound”—to triumph over captivity and the danger of death. I Paul—And doubtless no human name so thrilled their hearts at the utterance as this I Paul. “Mystery” is the term that runs throughout this passage from Ephesians. By this construction the abruptness now manifest in our common version is avoided. “The situation which led to Paul"s arrest and subsequent detention in Jerusalem, Caesarea, and Rome arose directly out of his Gentile ministry. Ephesians Commentary Purpose and Themes. For this reason. ‘because you Ephesians have been brought to God, I pray for your confirmation and growth in grace. I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ - A prisoner in the service of the Lord Jesus; or made a prisoner in his cause. on the authority of such MSS. * [3:1–13] Paul reflects on his mission to the Gentiles. This wasabout 61 years after the birth of Christ. . Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Compare Acts 22:21; Acts 26:23. For this office he was qualified by direct revelation from Jesus Christ, concerning the purpose of redemption, of his knowledge of which the preceding portions of his epistle, were sufficient evidence, Ephesians 3:3, Ephesians 3:4. ", This blessed renovation was under Paul’s Gentile apostleship, instrumentally, —Paul began his letter with the broad, universal elect, chap. The apostle intended saying at the beginning of the chapter what he says in Ephesians 3:14, "For this cause, I Paul, bow my knees," i.e. The only question which can well be raised is whether the resumption takes place at Ephesians 3:13, “I desire that ye faint not;” or at Ephesians 3:14, “I bow my knees;” and this seems decided for the latter alternative, both by the emphatic repetition of “for this cause,” and by the far greater weight and finality of the latter sentence. At this point he starts with fervent prayer in their behalf; but the mention of his apostleship carries him out into a full expatiation of thirteen verses upon that glorious office; and when that excursion is finished, the actual record of his prayer begins at the fourteenth verse. The lighthouse keeper weathered all storms so that the sailors could be secure. 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